Our investigation team works to assist clients in gathering information and evidence for their complaints and investigates housing providers who may be illegally discriminating in North Dakota. Complaint based testing works to re-create the situation a person is experiencing to discover if illegal discrimination is motivating the situation. Systemic testing works to eliminate discriminatory policies and practices and often results in HPFHC filing an organizational complaint with the goal to end discriminatory practices that are occurring against entire protected classes. HPFHC received its first HUD Private Enforcement Initiative grant in 2018 to conduct intake, testing, investigation, and litigation of fair housing complaints under the Fair Housing Act. We found that over half of our investigations supported partial or full allegations of discrimination.